Vumba Nature

This list has been compiled by Petra Ballings & Bart Wursten and is largely based on personal records. A herbarium of fern species is available at the Botanic Garden Meise.

The following literature has been used for the compilation of the list: Southern African Ferns & Fern Allies (J.E. Burrows, 1990); Pteridophyta in Flora Zambesiaca (E.A.CL.E. Schelpe, 1970); The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa (W.B.G. Jacobson, 1983); and Checklist of Zimbabwean Vascular Plants (A. Mapaura & J. Timberlake, Sabonet Report No. 33, 2004). The latest nomenclature changes Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta (J.P. Roux, Sabonet Report No.13, 2001) have been used where applicable. 

All species have been listed alphabetically by family and genus. For more information links to Zimbabwe Flora website have been provided.

Records: PR= personal record; BU= J.E. Burrows; SRGH= National Herbarium and Botanic Garden of Zimbabwe

 

Species Habitat Record

Family Anemiaceae

Genus Anemia
Anemia simii Tardieu Deciduous woodland, places which are humid in rainy season and hot & dry in winter PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Mohria    
Mohria lepigera (Baker) Baker Rock crevices or around the base of bolders PR, BU, SRGH
 Mohria nudiuscula J.P.Roux    
 Mohria vestita Baker                                                                               PR, BU

Family Aspleniaceae

Genus Asplenium
Asplenium aethiopicum (Burm.f.) Bech. subsp. aethiopicum Moist forest, partially shaded, 50-1800m ?
Asplenium aethiopicum (Burm.f.) Bech.subsp. dodecaploideum A.F. Braithw. Boulders and rock crevices, exposed or partially shaded, 1300-2000m   ?
Asplenium aethiopicum (Burm.f.) Bech. subsp. filare (Forssk.) A.F. Braithw. Rocky outcrops, exposed or lightly shaded, 1300-1600m ?
Asplenium aethiopicum (Burm.f.) Bech. subsp. tripinnatum (Baker) A.F. Braithw. Moist forest, shaded, 50-2000m ?
Asplenium anisoplyllum Kunze Shaded areas in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Asplenium blastophorum Hieron. On leaf litter in deep shaded floor of semi deciduous forest, not above 1450m PR, BU, SRGH
Asplenium boltonii Hook. ex Brause & Hieron Dense shade along streams in evergreen forest BU, SRGH
Asplenium buettneri Hieron. Terrestrial in low altitude or semi-deciduous woodland, 340-980m BU
Asplenium ceii Pic.Serm. Very deep shade on forest floor away from water, up to 1600m BU, SRGH
Asplenium christii Hieron. Deeply shaded forest floor in low-altitude, evergreen forest, 600-1200m SRGH
Asplenium cordatum (Thunb.) Sw. Wide variety of habitats where it is often found in rock cracks or beneath boulders, sheltered from sun & wind BU
Asplenium dregeanum Kunze  Rare fern in areas with deep shade and abundant moisture BU
Asplenium erectum Bory ex Willd. Deep shade on forest floor of evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Asplenium formosum Willd. Deep shade in forest, boulders in riverine forest, 600-1400m PR, BU, SRGH
Asplenium friesiorium C. Chr. Terrestrial in deep shade in forest PR, BU, SRGH
Asplenium gemmiferum Schrad. Deeply shaded stream banks in evergreen forest, up to 1600m BU, SRGH
Asplenium hypomelas Kuhn Epiphyte in deep shade in forest, on C. Manniana PR, BU
Asplenium inaequilaterale Willd. Deeply shaded forest floor, moist situations PR, BU, SRGH
Asplenium linckii Kuhn Shaded forest floor in evergreen forest on steep slopes, 1500-1700m. Lion rock only BU, SRGH
Asplenium lividum Mett. ex Kuhn Moss covered boulders in deep shade along streams in evergreen forest BU
Asplenium lobatum Pappe & Raws.                                 Leaf litter in deep shaded forest floor in evergreen forest           PR,BU, SRGH
Asplenium mannii Hook. Epiphyte in shaded areas in evergreen forest PR, BU
Asplenium monanthes L. Shaded floors in evergreen forest, often near stream BU, SRGH
Asplenium preussii Hieron ex Brause Rare fern in evergreen forest, terrestrial in leaf litter on forest floor, 1100-1650m PR, BU
Asplenium protensum Schrad. Mossy boulders along deeply shaded streambanks in evergreen forest BU, SRGH
Asplenium rutifolium (P.J. Bergius) Kunze Common epiphyte in shaded areas in wet, evergreen forest PR, BU
Asplenium sandersonii Hook. Common epiphyte in shaded areas in wet, evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Asplenium schelpei A.F. Braithw. A hybrid between A. splendens and  A. ramlowii. Burrows places it as a variant under A. aethiopicum. According to Mapaura & Timberlake in East, Where ?  ?
Asplenium simii A.F. Braithw. & Schelpe Epiphyte in evergreen forest or lithophyte on boulders in montane grassland BU, SRGH
Asplenium stuhlmannii Hieron. Full sun or light shade among grass on granite sheet rock. In riverine or evergreen forest. On serpentine & quartzite.               Altitude : 910-1500m PR, BU, SRGH
Asplenium sulcatum Lam. Rare fern of semi-deciduous woodland or riverine forets, 650-1220m BU, SRGH
Asplenium theciferum Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth  Common epiphyte in shaded areas in evergreen forest PR, BU
Asplenium varians Wall. ex Hook. & Grev. subspec. fimbriatum (Kunze) schelpe Lithophytic on moss covered boulders in evergreen or semi-deciduous forest BU

Family Blechnaceae  

Genus Blechnum
Blechnum attenuatum (Sw.) Mett. Streambank in open montane grassland or shaded area in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Blechnum capense Burm.f. Wet shaded earth and streambanks, rare BU
Blechnum tabulare (Thunb.) Kuhn In montane grassland along streams or along the margins of evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH

Family Cyatheaceae

Genus Cyathea
Cyathea dregei Kunze Vleis, streambanks and forest edge PR, BU, SRGH
Cyathea thomsonii Baker Streambanks in shaded evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Cyathea manniana Hook. Groves in deep shaded forest along streams PR, BU, SRGH
Cyathea capensis (L.f.) Sm.  Shaded ravines on mountain slopes, high light intensity but not exposed BU, SRGH<

Family Davalliaceae

Genus Davallia
Davallia chaerophylloides (Poir.) Steud. Rare, among rocks near river, not above 1500m BU, SRGH

Family Dennstaedtiaceae

Genus Blotiella
Blotiella natalensis (Hook.) R.M. Tryon Near streams in shade in forest PR, BU, SRGH
 Blotiella glabra (Bory) R.M. Tryon Near streams in deep shaded evergreen forest BU, SRGH
Genus Histiopteris    
Histiopteris incisa (Thunb.) J.Sm. Forest margins or high light situation in forest BU, SRGH
Genus Hypolepis
Hypolepis sparsisora (Schrad.) Kuhn Forest clearings with high light situation PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Microlepia
Microlepia speluncae (L.) T. Moore Rare, low-altitude evergreen forest BU, SRGH
Genus Pteridium
Pteridium aquilinum(L.) Kuhn subsp. capense (Thunb.) C.Chr. Abundant in moist, open grassland PR, BU

Family Dryopteridaceae

Genus Arachniodes
Arachniodes webbiana (A.Braun) Schelpe subsp. foliosa (C.Chr.) Along streams in deeply shaded areas of evergreen Podocarpus mist forest BU
Genus Ctenitis
Ctenitis cirrhosa (Schumach.) Ching Deeply shaded forest floor and streambanks in evergreen forest, 360-1600m BU, SRGH
Genus Didymochleana
Didymochlaena truncatula (Sw.) J. Sm. Deep shade near stream in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Dryopteris
Dryopteris athamantica (Kunze) Kuntze Common in full sun in long grasses PR, BU
Dryopteris kilemensis (Kuhn) Kuntze Shaded areas in evergreen forest or along forest margin PR, BU, SRGH
Dryopteris lewalleana Pic. Serm according to J.P. Roux in Zimbabwe ? According to Mapaura & Timberlake in Zimbabwe, no district mentioned. Where ? ?
Dryopteris manniana (Hook.) C.Chr. In shade along stream in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Dryopteris pentheri (Krasser) C.Chr Common in area between forest and grassland, shade in forest PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Megalastrum
Megalastrum lanuginosuma (Willd. ex Kaulf.) Holttum  Deeply shaded streambanks in evergreen forest BU
Genus  Nothoperanema
Nothoperanema squamiseta (Hook.) Ching Deeply shaded streambanks in evergreen forest BU, SRGH
Genus Polystichum
Polystichum transvaalense N.C. Anthony On shaded forest floor, along streams in evergreen forest BU
Polystichum sinense (H. Christ) H. Christ. according to Burrows not in Zimbabwe, according to J.P. Roux in Zimbabwe ? According to Mapaura & Timberlake in Zimbabwe, no district mentioned. Where ? ?
Polystichum zambesiacum Schelpe On shaded forest floor, along forest margins and streams in evergreen forest PR, BU

Family Equisetaceae

Genus Equisetum
Equisetum ramosissimum Desf. subsp. ramosissimum Along streams in sandy soils, among grasses in full sun BU

Family Gleicheniaceae

Genus Dicranopteris
Dicranopteris linearis Burm.f. Underw. Earthbanks, forest clearings and roadsides in full sun or light shade PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Gleichenia
Gleichenia polypodioides (L.) Sm. Road embankments in full sun or light shade BU
Genus Sticherus
 Sticherus umbraculiferus (Kunze) Ching Roadside or river margin, also in area between forest and grassland in full sun or dappled shade BU, SRGH

Family Hymenophyllaceae

Genus Hymenophyllum
Hymenophyllum capense Schrad. Epiphyte, shade in forest PR, BU, SRGH
Hymenophyllum hirsutum (L.) C. Presl according to J.P. Roux in Zimbabwe ? According to Mapaura & Timberlake in East, Where ?  
Hymenophyllum kuhnii C.Chr. Epiphyte, shade in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Abrodictyun    
Abrodictyum rigidum (Sw.) Ebihara & Dubuisson Deeply shaded, moss covered earth banks in evergreen forest. Lithophytic in spray of waterfall in dark conditions. BU, SRGH
Genus Crepidomanes 
Crepidomanes frappieri (Cordem) J.P. Roux according to J.P. Roux in Zimbabwe ? According to Mapaura & Timberlake in East, Where ?  
 Crepidomanes inopinatum (Pic. Serm.) J.P. Roux  Epiphyte in evergreen forest BU
Crepidomanes melanotrichum (Schltdl.) J.P. Roux  Lithophytic indeep shaded, moist forest PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Polyphlebium
Polyphlebium borbonicum (Bosch.) Ebihara & Dubuisson Lithophytic or low level epiphyte in evergreen forest BU, SRGH
Genus Didymoglossum               
Didymoglossum erosum (Willd.) J.P. Roux Next to streams in dense shade. Also on stem base of  C. manniana, M. fraxinea  BU, SRGH

Family Lomariopsidaceae

Genus Bolbitis
Bolbitis heudelotii (Bory ex Fée) Alston It grows submerged in running water BU, SRGH
Genus Elaphoglossum
Elaphoglossum acrostichoides (Hook.& Grev.) Schelpe In crevices of rocky outcrops or epiphytic in forest PR, BU, SRGH
Elaphoglossum aubertii (Desv.) T. Moore Moss covered boulders along streams in deep shade of evergreen forest BU
Elaphoglossum hybridum (Bory) Brack. On earth banks near streamin deeply shaded ravines  in evergreen forest, , 1300-2000m BU
Elaphoglossum kuhnii Hieron. Earth banks in light shade of riverine forest or woodland BU, SRGH
Elaphoglossum lastii (Baker) C. Chr. Epiphyte of evergreen mist forest BU, SRGH
Elaphoglossum lancifolium (Desv.) C.V. Morton  Low level epiphyte or lithophyte in shade of riverine forest, 660-1370m BU, SRGH
Elaphoglossum macropodium (Fée) T. Moore Next to streams in forest or among boulders in rocky outcrops BU, SRGH
Elaphoglossum spathulatum (Bory) T. Moore Moss covered boulders beside fast flowing streams in deep shade of evergreen forest BU, SRGH
Family Lycopodiaceae
Genus Huperzia
Huperzia dacrydioides (Baker) Pic. Serm                          Epiphyte, shade in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Huperzia gnidioides (L.f.) Trevis Wide habitat range, on boulders in grassland to epiphyte in forest BU
Huperzia ophioglossoides (Lam.) Rothm. Rare epiphyte in forests BU, SRGH
Huperzia  verticillata (L.f.) Trevis Epiphyte or lithophyte, shade in evergreen forest or on boulders in Brachystegia woodland PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Lycopodiella
Lycopodiella cernua (L.) Pic.Serm. Open sunny wet areas on embankments PR, BU
Lycopodiella sarcocaulon (A.Braun & Welw. ex Kuhn) Pic. Serm.  Marshy areas, perennial or seasonal seepage zones in grassland BU
Genus Lycopodium
Lycopodium clavatum L. Open sunny areas on embankments PR, BU, SRGH

Family Lygodiaceae

Genus Lygodium
Lygodium kerstenii Kuhn Fringes of evergreen forest, medium altitude (300-1280m) PR, BU, SRGH

Family Marattiaceae

Genus Ptisana
Ptisana fraxinea (Sm.) Murdock var. salicifolia (Schrad.) Murdock Along streams in deep shaded evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH

Family Nephrolepidaceae

Genus Nephrolepis
Nephrolepis undulata (Afzel.) J. Sm. Terrestrial along forest margins in grass, light shade PR, BU, SRGH

Family Oleandraceae

Genus Oleandra
Oleandra distenta Kunze Epiphytic in shaded areas on old trees in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH

Family Ophioglossaceae

Genus Ophioglossum
Ophioglossum reticulatum L.  Forest margins and rocky outcrops BU
Ophioglossum polyphyllum A. Braun Wide variety of habitats BU
Ophioglossum vulgatum L. subp. africanum Pocock ex J.E.Burrows  var. taylorianum J.E.Burrows      Wide variety of habitats BU, SRGH

Family Osmundaceae

Genus Osmunda
Osmunda regalis L. Along streams in shaded forest PR, BU, SRGH

Family Polypodiaceae

Genus Belvisia
Belvisia spicata (L.f.) Mirb. ex Copel. Epiphyte in semi deciduous forset, 780-1300m, rare BU, SRGH
Genus Lepisorus
Lepisorus excavatus (Bory ex Willd.) Ching  Epiphytic in light shade in evergreen forest, deciduous PR, BU, SRGH
Lepisorus schraderi (Mett.) Ching                            Epiphytic in shade in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Loxogramma
Loxogramma abyssinica (Baker) M.G. Price  Deep shade in forest near riverbed PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Microgramma
Microgramma  mauritiana (Willd.) Tardieu  Rare epiphyte in low altitude semi-deciduous forest, not above 950m BU, SRGH
Genus Microsorum
Microsorum pappei (Mett. ex Kuhn) Ching Rare fern in deep shade of evergreen forest, along stream, 700-1500m BU, SRGH
Microsorum punctatum (L.) Copel. Riverine forest, light shade, not above 1000m BU, SRGH
Microsorum scolopendria (Burm. f.) Copel Brachystegia woodland & riverine forest, 320-920m PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Pleopeltis
Pleopeltis macrocarpa (Bory ex Willd.) Kaulf. Common, epiphytic in shade PR, BU, SRGH
Pleopeltis × simianum (Schelpe & N.C. Anthony) N.R.Crouch & Klopper subsp. simiana Lithophytic in shaded areas in forest, 200-1800m BU
Pleopeltis polypioides   (L.) E.G. Andrews & Windham  subsp.ecklonii (Kunze) J.P. Roux Wide variety of habitats, 200-1700m PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Pyrrosia
Pyrrosia rhodesiana (C. Chr.) Schelpe Epiphytic or lithophytic in evergreen forest on east or south facing slopes, 800-1500m PR, BU, SRGH
 Pyrrosia schimperiana (Mett.  ex Kuhn) Alston var. schimperiana Epiphytic or lithophytic in light shade in riverine vegetation. Miombo woodland, 400-1650m PR, BU, SRGH

Family Pteridaceae 

Genus Actiniopteris
Actiniopteris dimorpha Pic. Serm. subsp. dimorpha    
Actiniopteris radiata (J.Konig ex Sw.) Link Common in dry Miombo woodland, 500-1300m BU, SRGH
Genus Anogramma
Anogramma leptophylla (L.) Link Annual fern, earth banks or mossy areas below cliffs, shade BU
Genus Pityrogramma
Pityrogramma argentea Willd. Domin. Cliff faces in evergreen mist forest BU,SRGH
Genus Pteris
Pteris catoptera Kunze  Forest floor in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Pteris cretica L. Shaded area on forest floor PR, BU, SRGH
Pteris dentata Forssk. Shaded area in forest with high light situation PR, BU, SRGH
Pteris friesii Hieron Lower altitudes in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Pteris linearis Poir. according to J.P. Roux in Zimbabwe ? According to Mapaura & Timberlake in Zimbabwe, no district mentioned. Where ? ?
Pteris vittata L. Near water, up to 1500m PR, BU

Family Adiantaceae

Genus Adiantum
Adiantum capillus-veneris L. Above waterline of shaded banks, normally in drier low altitude woodland BU
Adiantum hispidulum Sw. var. hispidulum Boulder basis in woodland, deep shade in moist forest, c. 1000m BU, SRGH
Adiantum incisum Forssk. Miombo woodland, below 1400m BU
Adiantum lunulatum Burm.f.                                         Brachystegia woodland, base of bouldres or shaded earth banks, below 1550m BU, SGRH
Adiantum poiretii J.E. Wikstr. Mossy earth banks in evergreen forest, up to 2600m BU, SRGH
Adiantum raddianum C. Presl Common, shaded earth banks in forest PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Vittaria
Vittaria guineensis Desv. var. orientalis Hieron. Epiphyte in mist forest, rare fern, c. 1200m PR, BU, SRGH
Vittaria isoetifolia Bory Epiphytic, high altitude forest (rare below 1250m) PR, BU, SRGH
Vittaria volkensii Hieron  Epiphyte or lithophyte, mid altitude forest (900-1500m) PR, BU, SRGH

Family Sinopteridaceae

Genus Cheilanthes
Cheilanthes bergiana Schltdl. Forest floor in deep shade PR, BU, SRGH
Cheilanthes hirta Sw. Wide habitat range BU
Cheilanthes inaequalis (Kunze) Mett. Full sun among grasses in rocky areas, granite boulders in woodland BU, SRGH
Cheilanthes buchananii (Baker) Domin

[= C. inaequalis (Kunze) Mett.var. buchananii (Baker) Schelpe]

BU, SRGH
Cheilanthes involuta (Sw.) Schelpe & N.C. Anthony var. obscura (N.C. Anthony) N.C. Anthony   SRGH
Cheilanthes leachii (Schelpe) Schelpe Sunny area in grasses PR, BU
Cheilanthes multifida (Sw.) Sw.  In fun sun among tall grasses, around boulder bases PR, BU, SRGH
Cheilanthes quadripinnata (Forssk.) Kuhn Common, areas between grassland and forest, light shade or full sun PR, BU, SRGH
Cheilanthes schimperi Kunze Brachystegia boehmii woodland, 900-1580m BU
Cheilanthes viridis (Forssk.) Sw.var. viridis Common, shaded areas on forest floor PR, BU, SRGH
Cheilanthes viridis (Forssk.) Sw. var. glauca (Sim) Schelpe & N.C. Anthony Full sun among tall grasses PR, BU
Genus Doryopteris
Doryopteris concolor (Langsd. & Fisch.) Kuhn Boulder basis, rock cravices, earth banks in shaded areas, low to mid altitude, up to 1650m BU
Genus Pellaea
Pellaea calomelanos (Sw.) Link var. calomelanos Light shade of Brachystegia woodland among grasses and rocks PR,BU
Pellaea calomelanos (Sw.) Link var. swynnertoniana (Sim) Schelpe Light shade of Brachystegia woodland among grasses and rocks PR,BU,SRGH
Pellaea doniana J. SM. ex Hook. Common at forest edges below 1500m PR, BU, SRGH
Pellaea dura (Willd.) Hook. var. dura Rocky, shaded area in Brachystegia woodland PR, BU, SRGH
Pellaea pectiniformis Baker Light shade of Brachystegia woodland among grasses and rocks PR, BU, SRGH

Family Selaginellaceae

Genus Selaginella
Selaginella dregei (C. Presl) Hieron. Lithophyte in open sunny areas, forms mats on sheet rock that dry out in winter PR, BU
Selaginella goudotiana spring var. abyssinica (Spring) Bizarri Forms extensive mats in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Selaginella kraussiana (Kunze) A. Br. Forms extensive mats in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Selaginella mittenii Baker Moist shaded earth banks in forest or woodland BU, SRGH

Family Tectariaceae

Genus Arthropteris
Arthropteris monocarpa (Cordem) C.Chr. Shaded areas in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Arthropteris orientalis (J.F.Gmel.) Posth.  Common in Brachystegia woodland, in light shade PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Tectaria
Tectaria gemmifera (Fée) Alston Deeply shaded forest floor in evergreen forest, common PR, BU

Family Thelypteridaceae

Genus Amauropelta
Amauropelta bergiana (Schltdt.) Holltum Shaded areas, close to stream in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Ampelopteris
Ampelopteris prolifera (Retz.) Copel. Below 1000m, along perennial streams in Miombo Woodland BU
Genus Christella
Christella chaseana (Schelpe) Holttum Open situations near water BU
Christella dentata (Forssk.) Brownsey & Jermy Deep shade in moist forest PR, BU, SRGH
Christella friesii (Brause ) Holttum In half shade along rivers in evergreen forest, 700-1360m BU, SRGH
Christella gueinziana (Mett.) Holttum Shaded area in moist forest PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Cyclosorus
Cyclosorus interruptus (Willd.) H.Itô                    Full sun in marshy areas with continuously wet soils or surface water, not above 1300m PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Pneumatopteris
Pneumatopteris unita (Kunze) Holttum Shaded, marshy areas in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Pseudocyclosorus
Pseudocyclorus pulcher ( Willd.) Holttum  Wide variety of habitats but always near water BU, SRGH
Genus Stegnogramma
Stegnogramma pozoi (Lag.) K.Iwats. In deep shade along streams in evergreen forest BU
Genus Thelypteris
Thelypteris confluens (Thunb.) C.V. Morton Along long grasses in sunny but wet marshy areas PR, BU

Family Woodsiaceae

Genus Athyrium
Athyrium newtonii Baker                   Deeply shaded streambanks in evergreen forest, 1100-1920m BU, SRGH
 Athyrium schimperi Moug.ex Fée Under rock overhangs in grassland or in rock crevices, above 1500m BU, SRGH
Genus Deparia
Deparia boryana (Willd.) M. Kato  Along streams in evergreen forest, often where there is a break in the canopy PR, BU, SRGH
Genus Diplazium
Diplazium nemorale (Baker) Schelpe Shaded streambanks in evergreen forest PR, BU, SRGH
Diplazium zanzibaricum (Baker) C.Chr. Along streams in evergreen forest, often where there is a break in the canopy BU, SRGH
Genus Woodsia
Woodsia burgessiana Gerr. ex Hook. & Baker               according to Burrows not in Zimbabwe, according to J.P. Roux in Zimbabwe ? According to Mapaura & Timberlake in East, where ? ?